Hiya cuties! Today I thought I'd share with you the basics of skincare for people looking into starting a routine and don't know what kind of products to look for! I'll be giving the super basic, just starting steps and then some other things you can optionally add in if you'd like.
Step #1 Remove Makeup/Cleanse
So this step changes a lil bit depending on whether or not you wear makeup. If you do, you'll want to start with your preferred method of makeup remover. I personally recommend trying to go for a removing balm (Clinique 'Take The Day Off' balm is really nice) or micellar water but you can definitely do wipes as well. Then after this step you'll want to go in with a cleanser! There are tons of different kinds of cleansers that target different needs. I personally tend to go for something gentle and soothing for an everyday cleanser but you may want something that targets acne or helps with texture etc.
Step #2 Toner
Next you'll go in with a toner. Generally this is a liquid product, and just like cleanser, there are tons of different kinds of toners for different needs. I've personally been using a rose toner that's gentle and soothing on the skin but there are also toners that again target acne and such if that's a concern for you. Generally you'll just put a little bit of your toner on a cotton round and apply it to your face and it's generally the quickest step. Toner can also help remove and extra makeup you missed in the first step.
After letting your toner set into your face, you'll want to go in with moisturizer. While of course the main goal for a moisturizer is to hydrate the skin, there are also moisturizers that again contain ingredients to also combat acne or oiliness. Speaking of oiliness, it is important that even with an oily skin type that you use a moisturizer. Moisturizer can actually help combat the over-production of natural oils that your face creates throughout the day, so while you may deem it unnecessary it definitely is still a step you need to take.
Now that we've gone through the super basic aspects of skincare, here are a few optional things you can throw in.
Exfoliation is generally the process of using an exfoliant/scrub on your face or body to remove the dead skin cells which then in turn smooths out your complexion. Generally this is something you don't do everyday, but frequency will depend on your skin type and personal preference. You would generally do this step after makeup removal if that applies to you and before cleansing.
Masks are one of the my absolutely favorite skincare items. There are so many kinds for a variety of skin concerns, as well as so many different forms whether it be a clay, sheet mask, gel mask, etc. Again this is a product where how often you would do it would depend on preference. You would do a mask after cleansing and before toning (unless it's an overnight/sleep mask then you may decide to do it in a different order).
This is a category I've only recently started to add to my routine so I may not be as knowledgeable. Serums generally are a very concentrated product that you would apply at the very end of your skincare routine that again can target a variety of concerns. A lot of people also use natural oils like jojoba and maracuja oil, and generally using a natural oil can be a less expensive option. I recommend looking into the benefits of different oils to find the perfect one for you.
#4 Spot treatment
This one is fairly quick to explain. Spot treatment describes a variety of different products that are used to target acne/pimples. Usually you just apply a tiny bit on top of any problem areas and it helps to reduce them in size and redness.
And that's it! This is all from personal experience as well as videos and such I've seen over time. Of course you may do skincare a bit different and that's totally fine! Hopefully this was helpful for anyone curious about the seemingly intimidating world of skincare and skincare products!